Exams are coming to an end. It’s time to relax and have a little fun before the results are out and you starting running around colleges for admission in the stream of your choice. “What to choose after 10th?”, comes the next question. This is by far the most asked question by many students. This is the most common question found in many forums and discussions. Choosing a stream after 10th is not an easy task. There are so many questions which are to be asked, answered and then a student agrees to make up his/her mind in taking up a certain stream.
Our Indian Education system follows 10+2+3 pattern, in which 10years of schooling followed by 2years of pre-university education (also known as foundation course) and later 3 years of graduation is followed. After class 10, you are given 4 options from which you can choose. They are Science, Commerce, Arts and Diplomas (JOC). Since there are many choices, let us explore each stream individually. Since the science stream is considered as superior(which is not true) to the other available streams, we shall start with it first.
The subjects which a student can choose in science stream are – Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Biology, Computer Science, Zoology.
1. Physics, Chemistry Mathematics
2. Physics, Chemistry, Biology
3. Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science
4. Physics, Chemistry, Technical Drawing(new subject being introduced).
5. Physics, Chemistry, Zoology
These are the combination’s which are available in many schools/colleges, in the science stream.
So, what after choosing the science stream? What can you achieve? What are the options available after your 12th to help you build your career? Well, the career options available for students in science stream are given below:
1. B.Sc – Bachelor of Science (3yrs program). You can choose a specialization, such as Biotechnology, Chemistry, Biochemistry, Statistics, Banking and Finance, Nursing, Information Technology, Computer Science, Clinical Research. There are many new specializations offered, for which you must check with your college.
2. B.Tech – Bachelor of Technology (4yrs program). This course is offered by any colleges with specializations such as ECE, EEE, Computer Science, Information Technology, Biotechnology, Civil engineering, mechanical engineering, chemical engineering. The subjects concentrate on imparting practical knowledge to students, than only theoretical knowledge.
3. B.E – Bachelor of Engineering (4 yrs program). This is considered as a professional course and specializations are the same as in a B.Tech course.
4. BCA – Bachelor of Computer Application (3yrs program). This course offers students an opportunity to various areas of computer science, programming, database designing, software engineering and networking systems.
5. M.B.B.S – Bachelor of Medicine/Bachelor of Surgery (4yrs). This is a professional course, which one can take up to become a general physician, dentist. You can also chose to do your Bachelor’s in Unani medicine(BUMS – 5yrs), Homeopathy (B.H.M.S – 3yrs), Ayurvedic/Siddha Medicine (B.A.M.S). After completing your basic course in medicine, you can diversify to being a surgeon in heart, eye, general surgeon, orthopedic surgeon, neuro surgeon etc.
For professional courses, one needs to appear for a Common Entrance Test (CET) conducted by their respective States to seek admission to the colleges. There will be a counseling session, where you will be given your options and the list of various colleges from where you can complete the course. Once you have completed any of the above courses, you can apply for a job in your related field or continue over to your Masters for better prospects.